# Logarithm of Probability Mass Function

Evaluate the natural logarithm of the probability mass function (PMF) for a binomial distribution.

The probability mass function (PMF) for a binomial random variable is

where n is the number of trials and 0 <= p <= 1 is the success probability.

## Usage

var logpmf = require( '@stdlib/stats/base/dists/binomial/logpmf' );


#### logpmf( x, n, p )

Evaluates the natural logarithm of the probability mass function (PMF) for a binomial distribution with number of trials n and success probability p.

var y = logpmf( 3.0, 20, 0.2 );
// returns ~-1.583

y = logpmf( 21.0, 20, 0.2 );
// returns -Infinity

y = logpmf( 5.0, 10, 0.4 );
// returns ~-1.606

y = logpmf( 0.0, 10, 0.4 );
// returns ~-5.108


If provided NaN as any argument, the function returns NaN.

var y = logpmf( NaN, 20, 0.5 );
// returns NaN

y = logpmf( 0.0, NaN, 0.5 );
// returns NaN

y = logpmf( 0.0, 20, NaN );
// returns NaN


If provided a number of trials n which is not a nonnegative integer, the function returns NaN.

var y = logpmf( 2.0, 1.5, 0.5 );
// returns NaN

y = logpmf( 2.0, -2.0, 0.5 );
// returns NaN


If provided a success probability p outside of [0,1], the function returns NaN.

var y = logpmf( 2.0, 20, -1.0 );
// returns NaN

y = logpmf( 2.0, 20, 1.5 );
// returns NaN


#### logpmf.factory( n, p )

Returns a function for evaluating the probability mass function (PMF) of a binomial distribution with number of trials n and success probability p.

var mylogpmf = logpmf.factory( 10, 0.5 );

var y = mylogpmf( 3.0 );
// returns ~-2.144

y = mylogpmf( 5.0 );
// returns ~-1.402


## Examples

var randu = require( '@stdlib/random/base/randu' );
var round = require( '@stdlib/math/base/special/round' );
var logpmf = require( '@stdlib/stats/base/dists/binomial/logpmf' );

var i;
var n;
var p;
var x;
var y;

for ( i = 0; i < 10; i++ ) {
x = round( randu() * 20.0 );
n = round( randu() * 100.0 );
p = randu();
y = logpmf( x, n, p );
console.log( 'x: %d, n: %d, p: %d, ln(P(X = x;n,p)): %d', x, n, p.toFixed( 4 ), y.toFixed( 4 ) );
}