whileEach

While a test condition is true, invoke a function for each element in a collection.

Usage

var whileEach = require( '@stdlib/utils/while-each' );

whileEach( collection, predicate, fcn[, thisArg ] )

Invokes a function for each element in a collection until either a predicate function returns false or the function has iterated over all collection elements.

function predicate( value ) {
    return ( value === value );
}

function log( value, index ) {
    console.log( '%s: %d', index, value );
}

var arr = [ 1, 2, 3, NaN, 4 ];

whileEach( arr, predicate, log );
/* =>
    0: 1
    1: 2
    2: 3
*/

Both the predicate function and the function to apply are provided three arguments:

  • value: collection element
  • index: collection index
  • collection: input collection

Basic support for dynamic collections is provided. Note, however, that index incrementation is monotonically increasing.

function predicate( value ) {
    return ( value === value );
}

function log1( value, index, collection ) {
    console.log( '%s: %d', index, value );
    if ( index === collection.length-1 && collection.length < 10 ) {
        collection.push( index+2 );
    }
}

var arr = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ];

whileEach( arr, predicate, log1 );
/* =>
    0: 1
    1: 2
    2: 3
    3: 4
    4: 5
    5: 6
    6: 7
    7: 8
    8: 9
    9: 10
*/

function log2( value, index, collection ) {
    console.log( '%s: %d', index, value );
    collection.shift();
}

arr = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ];

whileEach( arr, predicate, log2 );
/* =>
    0: 1
    1: 3
*/

To set the function execution context for the applied function, provide a thisArg.

function predicate( value ) {
    return ( value === value );
}

function sum( value ) {
    this.sum += value;
    this.count += 1;
}

var arr = [ 1, 2, 3, NaN, 4 ];

var context = {
    'sum': 0,
    'count': 0
};

whileEach( arr, predicate, sum, context );

var mean = context.sum / context.count;
// returns 2.0

Notes

  • A collection may be either an Array, Typed Array, or an array-like Object (excluding strings and functions).

  • The function returns the input collection.

  • The function does not skip undefined elements.

    function predicate( value ) {
        return ( value === value );
    }
    
    function log( value, index ) {
        console.log( '%s: %s', index, value );
    }
    
    var arr = [ 1, , , 4 ];
    
    whileEach( arr, predicate, log );
    /* =>
        0: 1
        1: undefined
        2: undefined
        3: 4
    */
    
  • The function provides limited support for dynamic collections (i.e., collections whose length changes during execution).

Examples

var isEven = require( '@stdlib/assert/is-even' ).isPrimitive;
var randu = require( '@stdlib/random/base/randu' );
var floor = require( '@stdlib/math/base/special/floor' );
var whileEach = require( '@stdlib/utils/while-each' );

function predicate( value ) {
    return ( value === value );
}

function log( value, index, collection ) {
    console.log( '%s: %d', index, value );
    if ( isEven( index ) ) {
        collection.shift();
    } else {
        collection.push( index+1 );
    }
}

var arr;
var j;
var i;

arr = new Array( 100 );
j = floor( randu()*arr.length );
for ( i = 0; i < arr.length; i++ ) {
    if ( i === j ) {
        arr[ i ] = NaN;
    } else {
        arr[ i ] = i;
    }
}

whileEach( arr, predicate, log );