composeAsync

Function composition.

Usage

var composeAsync = require( '@stdlib/utils/compose-async' );

composeAsync( ...fcn )

Returns a composite function. Starting from the right, the composite function evaluates each function and passes the result as the first argument to the next function. The result of the leftmost function is the result of the whole.

function a( x, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, 2*x );
    }
}

function b( x, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, x+3 );
    }
}

function c( x, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, x/5 );
    }
}

var f = composeAsync( c, b, a );

function done( error, result ) {
    if ( error ) {
        throw error;
    }
    console.log( result );
    // => 3
}

f( 6, done ); // ((2*x)+3)/5

The last argument provided to each composed function is a next callback which accepts two arguments:

  • error: error argument
  • result: function result

Only the rightmost function is explicitly permitted to accept multiple arguments. All other functions are evaluated as binary functions.

function a( x, y, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, (x*5) + (y*3) );
    }
}

function b( r, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, r+12 );
    }
}

var f = composeAsync( b, a );

function done( error, result ) {
    if ( error ) {
        throw error;
    }
    console.log( result );
    // => 50
}

f( 4, 6, done );

Notes

  • The function will throw if provided fewer than 2 input arguments.
  • If a composed function calls the next callback with a truthy error argument, the function suspends execution and immediately calls the done callback for subsequent error handling.
  • Execution is not guaranteed to be asynchronous. To guarantee asynchrony, wrap the done callback in a function which either executes at the end of the current stack (e.g., nextTick) or during a subsequent turn of the event loop (e.g., setImmediate, setTimeout).

Examples

var composeAsync = require( '@stdlib/utils/compose-async' );

function a( x, y, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, x*y );
    }
}

function b( z, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, z+5 );
    }
}

function c( r, next ) {
    setTimeout( onTimeout, 0 );
    function onTimeout() {
        next( null, r/10 );
    }
}

var f = composeAsync( c, b, a );

function done( error, result ) {
    if ( error ) {
        throw error;
    }
    console.log( result );
    // => 2
}

f( 5, 3, done );