Standard Deviation

Gamma distribution standard deviation.

The standard deviation for a gamma random variable is

sigma equals StartFraction StartRoot alpha EndRoot Over beta EndFraction

where α > 0 is the shape parameter β > 0 is the rate parameter.

Usage

var stdev = require( '@stdlib/math/base/dists/gamma/stdev' );

stdev( alpha, beta )

Returns the standard deviation of a gamma distribution with parameters alpha (shape parameter) and beta (rate parameter).

var v = stdev( 1.0, 1.0 );
// returns 1.0

v = stdev( 4.0, 12.0 );
// returns ~0.167

v = stdev( 8.0, 2.0 );
// returns ~1.414

If provided NaN as any argument, the function returns NaN.

var v = stdev( NaN, 2.0 );
// returns NaN

v = stdev( 2.0, NaN );
// returns NaN

If provided alpha <= 0, the function returns NaN.

var v = stdev( 0.0, 1.0 );
// returns NaN

v = stdev( -1.0, 1.0 );
// returns NaN

If provided beta <= 0, the function returns NaN.

var v = stdev( 1.0, 0.0 );
// returns NaN

v = stdev( 1.0, -1.0 );
// returns NaN

Examples

var randu = require( '@stdlib/random/base/randu' );
var EPS = require( '@stdlib/constants/math/float64-eps' );
var stdev = require( '@stdlib/math/base/dists/gamma/stdev' );

var alpha;
var beta;
var v;
var i;

for ( i = 0; i < 10; i++ ) {
    alpha = ( randu()*10.0 ) + EPS;
    beta = ( randu()*10.0 ) + EPS;
    v = stdev( alpha, beta );
    console.log( 'α: %d, β: %d, SD(X;α,β): %d', alpha.toFixed( 4 ), beta.toFixed( 4 ), v.toFixed( 4 ) );
}